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WOUND CARE


An estimated 6.7 million Americans suffer from a non-healing wound consisting of mostly cardiac patients, diabetics, amputees, surgical patients, cancer survivors, and others.

WHAT IS A CHRONIC OR NON-HEALING WOUND?

Wound Care Treatment is performed by accredited wound care specialists trained in the care and treatment of all types of wounds, acute and chronic. An acute wound is an injury to the skin that occurs suddenly rather than over time. It heals at a predictable and expected rate according to the normal wound healing process. Acute wounds can happen anywhere on the body and vary from superficial scratches to deep wounds damaging blood vessels, nerves, muscles or other body parts.

A chronic wound develops when any acute wound fails to heal in the expected time frame for that type of wound, which might be a couple of weeks or up to six weeks in some cases. Non-healing wounds or Chronic wounds require specialized wound care treatment.

TYPES OF CHRONIC WOUNDS

Wound Care Treatment by physicians who are specially trained in wound care can help speed up the healing process, prevent recurrence, and improve quality of life. The following conditions can benefit from comprehensive wound care:

  • Arterial Ulcers: These can occur from hypertension, atherosclerosis (plugging) and thrombosis (clotting), where the reduced blood supply leads to an ischemic state.
  • Venous Ulcers: These account for more than half of ulcer cases, especially those in the lower limbs (mainly the legs) as associated with deep vein thrombosis, varicose veins and venous hypertension. Venous stasis leads to venous ulcers, where the blood fails to circulate normally.
  • Diabetic Ulcers: These are a common complication in uncontrolled diabetes, resulting in impaired immune function, ischemia (due to poor blood circulation) and neuropathy (nerve damage), which eventually lead to breakage of skin and ulceration.
  • Pressure Ulcer: The constant pressure and friction resulting from body weight over a localized area for prolonged duration can lead to breakage of skin and ulceration (also known as bed sores); especially on the back and on the ankles and feet.
  • Infectious wounds: Whether it is bacterial, fungal, or viral, if the cause of the infection is not treated with the proper medication, the wound will not heal properly in the expected time.
  • Radiation Injury Wounds: Regardless of whether the source of radiation was theapeutic (gamma rays or x-rays) or accidental (exposure to radioactive materials from nuclear plant accidents or radioactive devices that detonate), excessive exposure to ionizing radiating materials can weaken the immune system, cause damage to exposed tissue and delay the healing time of all wounds.
  • Surgical Wounds: Wounds caused by incisions made during surgery can progress to chronic wounds if the blood supply to the surgery area was accidentally damaged or if wound care was inadequate. Both can delay the healing time of a wound.
  • Inflammatory Wounds: Wounds that may develop as a manifestation of a variety of different diseases or may result from some non-disease phenomena. Most of these wounds correlates to autoimmune or connective tissue disease.
  • Cancerous Wounds: Wounds that harbor cancerous cells disallowing the wound from healing.

WHEN DOES A NON-HEALING WOUND REQUIRE WOUND CARE TREATMENT?

As a general rule of thumb, wound care treatment should be considered when any break in the skin that has not improved over the course of 3-4 weeks. The wound may not be healing because of swelling, infection, lack of blood flow, or pressure on the wound. Additionally, if your wound matches any of the following, you could benefit from wound care treatment:

  • Diabetic foot ulcers
  • A wound that has failed to show significant progress in 2-4 weeks of standard care
  • You exhibit significant deterioration, extensive new necrosis, soft tissue infection, or osteomyelitis
  • The wound involves deep tissue structures, or is limb or life-threatening


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